Impact on Thailand
The Royal Thai Government decided not to appeal for international financial assistance after the disaster; however, the Government
has been accepting foreign technical assistance such as equipment, tools, training, as well as offers to rebuild schools or hospitals.
To this end, UN agencies in Thailand participated in the regional section of the United Nations Flash Appeal to facilitate technical
The Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami Flash Appeal was launched on 06 January 2005. Since large general pledges had already been made
by that time in a swift and generous reaction from individuals, organizations and governments around the world, this Appeal served not
so much as a request for funds, but rather as an action plan and a specific set of proposed projects to which donors could commit their
pledges. Major revisions were done in a Mid-Term Review of the Appeal, published in April 2005, which extended the implementation
period of Appeal projects till the end of 2005. Minor revisions are made constantly, and shown on the Financial Tracking Service
website, managed by UN OCHA, as soon as the agencies communicate them.
The regional section of the Flash Appeal focused on planning for the transition from emergency relief to longer-term recovery and reconstruction
needs. In Thailand, which had already moved into the transition phase within two months of the tsunami, the UN System mobilized nearly forty
million US dollars worth of mid- to long-term recovery programming.
UN support to donor coordination
Coordination of international assistance has been a concern for the Thai Government and other partners in the recovery effort. Relief and
recovery agencies in the field have recommended that more leadership in coordination is needed at provincial and district level, to avoid
duplication and ensure civil society participation.
Recent positive developments have included the installation of the Development Assistance Database (known as DAD) in the offices of the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs 'Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency' (TICA), to aid tracking of tsunami assistance to Thailand.
The DAD provides project-level information on commitments, disbursements, expenditure, donor, implementer, sector, location, as well as key outputs and progress towards these outputs related to tsunami relief and recovery. This information is accessible to all parties - central Government, local Government, NGO, UN, donor, Thai citizens and others. The data in DAD has been provided by national and international partners of the Thai Government. Training has been organized to ensure that the data is updated regularly and the tool is an effective resource.
The key goals of DAD Thailand are to:
provide clear information on all Tsunami-related technical assistance projects - their location, the sector, the funders and the implementers;
provide information on the results of these projects, as well as the level of financial resources;
help actors at the local level coordinate assistance as effectively as possible, avoid overlaps and fill in gaps;
promote accountability and transparency of all assistance provided.
DAD Thailand is managed and maintained by TICA - the Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency - and is part of a package of support provided by UNDP Thailand.
Training has been organized for Government and donors to ensure that the data is updated regularly and the tool is an effective resource.
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